Difference Between Split AC And Window AC

An air conditioner is a home appliance that cools and dehumidifies the air. It does this by drawing in hot, humid air from the room, compressing it, and then pushing it through a cooled coil. The resulting cold air is blown back into the room.

Nowadays AC also has a heating function, which uses refrigerant to warm up the indoor air during the winter months. Some newer AC models also come with an ultraviolet (UV) light feature, which helps kill bacteria and viruses in the air.

Difference Between Window AC and Split AC

Wondering if you should buy a Split AC or Window AC? We know that making the right decision is important, which is why we’ve put together this guide to help you understand the differences between Split AC and Window AC.

A comfortable home is a necessity in the summertime, and with the right air conditioner, you can stay cool all season long. We want to make sure you have all the information you need to make the best purchase for your needs.

Window ACSplit AC
ComponentsIn a window AC, all components i.e., the evaporator, compressor, condenser, expansion valve, fan and filters are all placed on the same base or unit.  A split AC has 2 separate units – an indoor unit and an outdoor unit.   While the indoor unit contains the evaporator, and filters, the outdoor unit contains the condenser, fan, and compressor.  
SpaceWindow AC occupies more space than split AC because it has a bigger compressor.  Split AC units have a smaller compressor because they rely on two units instead of one. One unit is responsible for cooling and the other unit is responsible for blowing out the cooled air. So, split AC units take up less space overall because they don’t require a large compressor.  
InstallationWindow AC units simply require you to measure the window opening, cut a hole in the window frame, and then place the unit inside the frame.  Split AC units require you to measure the room size, choose an appropriate unit, determine where to place the indoor and outdoor units, and then run electrical wiring & ducts between the two units.  
Multi cooling units  In case of window ACs, it is not possible to install multi cooling unit.  In case of split ACs, multiple cooling units can be installed provided that the outdoor unit is capable of handling the additional load.  
CostWindow ACs are typically less expensive to purchase than split ACs. They usually cost between Rs. 22,000 to Rs. 44,000.  Split ACs are more expensive than window ACs because they are more complicated to manufacture and require more installation work. They usually cost between Rs. 24,000 to Rs. 56,000.  
NoiseWindow ACs make more noise than split ACs. The reason for this is that the compressor of a split AC is on the outdoor unit. The noise, if any, created by the compressor doesn’t affect the inside environment.   Also, being mounted on window frames, window ACs produce a lot of noise due to vibrations.  Split ACs make less noise than window ACs.  
ServiceWindow ACs are easier to service than split ACs. They can be easily removed from the frame for service and mounted back again once it’s done.  Split ACs are more difficult to service than window ACs.
Power ConsumptionSince all components are mounted on a single base, window ACs require more power to operate.  Split air conditioners are more energy efficient because they use less power to operate than window air conditioners.  
Cooling abilityWindow ACs take more time to cool a room as compared to split ACs.Since they come with wider blowers, split ACs have a faster cooling ability than window ACs.  
CapacityWindow ACs have a maximum capacity of 2 tons.  The capacity of Split ACs is not restricted to 2 tons. Multiple units can be installed to cool larger room.  

3 Types Of Air Conditioners Available In India:

  1. Window AC: A window AC is a type of air conditioner that can be mounted in a window. They are typically small and use less energy than a central air conditioning system. Window ACs work by blowing cool air into the room from the unit mounted in the window. The air is cooled by a refrigerant that cycles through the unit. Recently, we updated our blogs on this type as – top 1 ton window AC, top 2 ton window AC and top 1.5 ton window AC do check out if you feel so.
  2. Split AC: On the other hand, a split AC is an air conditioning unit that has two parts: an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. The indoor unit is usually installed in a window or on a wall, while the outdoor unit is installed on the ground or on the roof. The two units are connected by pipes that carry the refrigerant. Split ACs are popular because they are energy efficient and small enough to fit in most homes. They also tend to be less expensive than other types of air conditioners. Here are a few blogs on Split AC type we recently covered – 1.5 ton split AC, 1 ton split AC and 2 ton split AC.
  3. Portable AC: A portable AC is an air conditioner that is small enough to be carried around. They are popular among people who want to cool down a specific room without having to install a window unit. Most portable ACs work by sucking in hot air from the room, cooling it down, and then releasing the cooled air back into the room. They typically come with a hose that you can use to direct the airflow out of a window or door. Some models also have a built-in evaporative cooler that can help cool down the surrounding air.
Parts of an air conditioner

Basic Parts of An Air Conditioner

The air conditioner has seven main parts: evaporator coil, filters, air conditioning ducts, compressor, condenser coil, expansion valve, and fan.

  • Evaporator coil: The evaporator coil is the component of an air conditioning unit that absorbs heat from the air in a room and transfers it to the refrigerant inside the unit. The evaporator coil is typically made up of copper tubing that is coiled into a spiral shape.
  • Compressor: The compressor is a key component of an air conditioning unit that helps to cool the air. The compressor works by compressing the refrigerant gas, which causes it to heat up. This hot gas is then pumped through the condenser coil, which cools it down and turns it back into a liquid. The cooled liquid refrigerant is then cycled back through the evaporator coil to continue cooling the air.
  • Condenser coil: The condenser coil transfers heat from the refrigerant to the surrounding air, thereby cooling the air. It is made up of a series of metal tubes through which the refrigerant passes.
  • Expansion valve: The expansion valve is a critical part of an air conditioning system. It regulates the flow of refrigerant into and out of the evaporator coil, which allows the coil to be cold enough to cool the air that passes over it.
  • Fan: The fan is the component of the air conditioning unit that circulates the cooled or heated air around the room. It draws in warm or cool air from the room and pushes it through the coils to be cooled or heated.
  • Filters: The filters of an air conditioning unit are designed to clean the air that circulates indoors. They can remove particles as small as 0.3 microns in size and help to improve indoor air quality. There are a variety of different filters available, including dust filters and high-density filters.

Wrapping Up

To conclude your question what is the difference between window ac and split ac? I would say Window ACs are a great option for those who want to save money on their energy bills and do not mind the noise that comes from the unit. Split ACs are a better option for those who want more flexibility in where they install the unit and do not want to deal with the noise. Ultimately, which type of AC you choose depends on your specific needs and preferences.