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The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about a hand sanitizer buying frenzy. Give the huge increase in demand the product is either sold out or being sold at exorbitantly high prices. To help our reader, we did a lot of research and read many expert articles to come up with this piece of content.
There is a homemade do-it-yourself hand sanitizer formula endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The quantities of the ingredients have been scaled down to make it ideal for home use.
Hand Sanitizer Ingredients
To make 1-liter (1000 ml) of hand sanitizer at home, you will need
- 99.8% Isopropyl Alcohol – 751.5 ml OR 96% Ethanol – 833.3 ml
- 3% Hydrogen Peroxide – 41.7 ml
- 98% Glycerol – 14.5 ml
- 192.3 ml Distilled Water or Cooled Boiled Water
Hand Sanitizer Dos And Don’ts
Before you start, here are a few precautions you need to keep in mind:
- Please put on glasses or goggles to protect your eyes and rubber gloves to protect your hands from accidental splashes.
- Don’t make this formula in a confined space and near any flammable items.
- Use only 96% Ethanol or 99.8% Isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol)
- Don’t use any other types of alcohol (Methyl Alcohol, Butyl alcohol, etc.) since they are toxic.
- Aloe Vera Gel can also be used in place of glycerin.
- The concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide should not exceed the recommended amount.
- Essential oils like lavender, rose, lemon, coconut, etc. can also be added to the mix.
- Keep out of reach of children.
- Homemade hand sanitizer is not recommended for use with children.
- Stick to the ingredients and the proportions mentioned above.
- Improper ingredients or proportions can lead to lack of efficacy, skin irritation or burns and exposure to hazardous chemicals via inhalation.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the sanitizer mix must contain at least 60% alcohol to be effective. However, it is advisable to get way above that. Aim for a minimum of 75%.
Steps to make hand sanitizer at home
Keeping the above-mentioned dos & don’ts in mind, lets move on the steps required to make a hand sanitizer at home.
- Mix all ingredients thoroughly in a bowl.
- Pour in a plastic bottle and close.
- Keep the bottle closed for 72 hours before using. Doing this will ensure that the Hydrogen Peroxide used in the concoction has enough time to kill any bacteria that might have been introduced during the mixing process.
How to use hand sanitizer?
Before using a hand sanitizer, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or hand wash for at least 30 seconds and properly wipe your hands. Rub the sanitizer on all surfaces of your hand for at least 20 seconds. The following sets should be followed:
- Take 2 squirts of the sanitizer in the middle of your palm.
- Rub both the palms together.
- Rub in between the fingers.
- Rub the back of the hands.
- Thoroughly rub each finger.
- Finally rub your palms again until your hands are dry.
Is it safe to make hand sanitizer at home?
The above-mentioned recipe is intended for use by professionals with both the expertise and resources to safely make hand sanitizer at home. Homemade hand sanitizer is only recommended in extreme situations when you’re unable to wash your hands for the foreseeable future.
What germs can the hand sanitizer kill?
According to the CDC, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that meets the alcohol volume requirement can quickly reduce the number of microbes on your hands.
It can help in destroying a wide range of disease-causing agents or pathogens on your hands, including the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.
However, a hand sanitizer is not effective in killing the following germs:
- Cryptosporidium (which causes cryptosporidiosis)
- Clostridium difficile (also known as C. diff)
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