Best Drill Machine in India 2019: While a drill machine is an essential tool to have in the construction industry, it is also important to have a quality and easy-to-use drill machine for home use. It is a great utility tool to have for performing miscellaneous DIY and home improvement projects.
A hand drill machine is basically a tool that used for making round holes in metal, wood, ceramics, etc and driving in fasteners. It comes in a variety of sizes, types and kinds, from machine operated to hand operated. A hand drill machine automates a lot of manual work and makes home and DIY projects easier and faster.
List of Top 10 best drill machine in India 2019 – Which hand drill machine is best for home use?
Since there are plenty of options available in the market, selecting one that would match all or most of your requirements and preferences is tough. In this article, we will review and compare the Best Drill Machine in India 2019. A drill machine buying guide is also included later in the article which will help you narrow down your options according to your requirement and budget.
Top 10 best drill machine in India 2019 Reviewed – Which brand of drill is the best?
Top 10 best drill machine in India 2019 Reviewed – Which drill machine is best for home use?
1. Black & Decker KR554RE 550-Watt 13mm Variable Speed Reversible Hammer Drill Machine
- Power Source: Corded
- Power Rating: 550-Watts
- Chuck Type: Keyed
- Chuck Size: 13mm
- Beats per Minute: 47600bpm
- No load speed: 0-2800rpm
- Max Torque: 4.5Nm
- Max. Drilling Capacity (Wood): 20mm
- Max. Drilling Capacity (Steel): 13mm
- Max capacity - masonry: 13mm
- Reverse Action: Yes
- Variable Speed: Yes
- Kit Box: No
- Soft grip: Yes
- Cable length: 3m
- Adjustable depth stop: Yes
- Secondary handle: Yes
- Warranty: 6 months comprehensive on the product
Why We Recommend It?
Powerful Drill: KR554RE is a 550-watt corded drill with dual mode (hammering and drilling) and 13 mm chuck capacity. It also has forward & reverse drilling functionalities.
Multiple Accessories: KR554RE comes with a 13mm chuck key, 20-inch depth gauge, 1 strong auxiliary handle, 2-meter corded cable and 4 drill bits (Metal & concrete bits).
13mm Chuck Capacity: KR554RE has a 13 mm chuck capacity. A chuck key is provided which helps in tightening and loosening drill bits. The chuck key is made up of strong metal which is corrosion & rust free.
Dual Mode: KR554RE has a dual mode function. The switch on top of the drill helps you switch to either drill or hammering mode based on your requirement. The hammering mode creates a hammering action recommended while drilling into concrete, whereas the rotary mode can be used for drilling into wooden or metal surfaces.
Side Handle & Ergonomic design: KR554RE is provided with a side handle which provides a better grip. The drill is ergonomically designed and has a rubberized grip to help reduce strain on the arms during continuous usage of the drill.
Variable Speed and Lock on Button: KR554RE features a lock on button which can be used to lock the drill speed during continuous use of the drill for a long duration. Variable speed feature is an added benefit which will help you to alter the speed based on the type of task.
Reverse Function and Depth Gauge: KR554RE also has a reversible function which helps in anti-clockwise drilling/reverse drilling. This feature enables both forward and reverse drilling. The depth gauge assists you to drill a hole with precision, the 20-inch gauge can be used as a scale to drill a hole of the required length.
The Perfect Drill for you: Whether it is a DIY project or drilling a hole in the wall, KR554RE is the perfect drill which can assist you in any task. Its multiple features and accessories will just make your job easier and save time. KR554RE is the perfect tool which should be a part of your tool kit.
2. Bosch Drill Machine – Bosch GSB 600 RE 13mm 600-Watt Smart Drill Kit
- Power: 600-watts
- Weight: 4.8 kg
- No Load Speed: 0 - 2800 rpm
- Max. Capacity in Wood: 25 mm
- Max. Capacity in Metal: 13 mm
- Max. Capacity in Concrete: 10 mm
- Impact Rate: 0 - 44800 bmp
Why We Recommend It?
Powerful motor: This high impact Bosch Drill Machine runs on a strong power system. With 600 watts of power, it produces a hammering action of 44,800 blows per minute, supporting its long life and sturdy usage on wood, metal, concrete and plastic.
Lightweight and compact: The perfect tool you can rely on for all your home repair tasks, the 600 RE Bosch Drill Machine provides customers with an incentive to customize the drilling speed according to the surfaces being drilled on. With a detachable handle that comes with a soft grip feature, this drill assures quality output while working on wooden, metal or steel surfaces.
Multi-function drilling: The hammer Bosch Drill Machine works on all kinds of surfaces including concrete, wood, metal and plastic to drill perforated holes in the size and speed you require, with up to 13 mm in concrete and 20 mm in wood. It provides a rapid hammering action which helps you drill professionally in all your projects. Shift effortlessly between drilling and screw-driving modes using the switch on top of the drill. Also, the speed trigger function with electronic control lets you use the product for exact pilot drilling.
Forward and reverse function: Carry out all screw-driving functions with absolute ease thanks to the rotary brush plate in the 600 RE Bosch Drill Machine that assist with the forward and reverse rotation. With this power-packed tool, insert and remove nails and plugs without any hassles while working.
Requirement of depth gauge: Bosch’s GSB 600 RE is also equipped with a depth gauge to provide an accurate measure to the extent you need to drill on a surface. This safeguards your project from any damage on the surface you are working on or even hidden materials that can hinder your work.
Control speed with continuous drill mode: The impact Bosch Drill Machine comes with a very convenient switch which locks the speed you are working on to ensure a consistent drilling experience, especially for beginners. This small black switch positioned on the left surface of the impact drill just needs to be clicked once in order to lock the speed of drilling, a feature that is very helpful when you desire a constant speed while working on projects.
Accessories in the kit: The kit contains an auxiliary handle, a depth gauge and a key chuck neatly placed in a plastic case. It contains a 5 piece masonry drill bit set with a diameter range of 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 mm, 5 metal drill bits with a diameter range of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 mm and 4 wood drill bits with a diameter range of 4, 5, 6, 8 mm. The kit also features an assortment of 10 screwdriver bits, 7 socket wrenches, 10 pieces of screws and 10 pieces of S-Plug. It provides a claw hammer, a measuring tape, an adjustable knife, a wrench, a spirit level and combination pliers. Also, the kit includes a screwdriver adaptor to fit the bits and a nut driver adaptor to fit the sockets with the machine for more organised drilling around your home.
3. Dewalt DCD700C2A-IN 12V, 1.3Ah, Drill Driver with 109 Pieces Accessory Kit
- It is a 12V Li-Ion compact drill driver featuring XR Li-Ion battery technology which is compact and lightweight
- 15 Position adjustable torque control for consistent screw driving into a variety of materials with different screw sizes
- 10mm single sleeve keyless chuck with automatic spindle lock for a quick and easy bit change
- High-performance fan cooled motor for maximum power and durability
- Two speed, variable speed and reverse switch for versatile use
- Electronic motor brake for added control
- Integrated LED light
- 2 years warranty from the date of invoice (does not cover products that are improperly used, abused, altered or repaired, nor does it cover consumable good such as knife blades, Screwdriver Bits, etc.)
Why We Recommend It?
Cordless Drill: Dewalt DCD700C2A is a 12V Li-Ion compact drill driver featuring XR 1.3Ah Li-Ion battery technology which is compact and lightweight. LED light for improved visibility.
15 Torque Positions: 15 Position adjustable torque control for consistent screw driving into a variety of materials with different screw sizes.
Automatic Spindle Lock & Dual Speed Gear: 10mm single sleeve keyless chuck with automatic spindle lock for a quick and easy bit change.
Variable Speed and Reverse Switch: Two-speed settings, variable speed and reverse switch. Parabolic switch profile allowing for greater control over the speed of application.
Maximum Durability: High-performance fan cooled motor for maximum power and durability. Electronic motor brake for added control. All metal gearing for efficient power transmission and long tool life.
Lithium-Ion Battery with Charger: Li-Ion slide pack battery allows for superior insertion and removal.
4. KHADIJA HI-MAX 400W Reverse Forward Rotation Drill Machine with Speed Regulator
- Drill is powered by a 400-watts high power copper motor, making it powerful enough to handle almost any kind of professional drilling job drill to use around the home whether hanging pictures and shelves or just general repairs
- Reverse Forward Rotation with Speed Regulator can screw at low speed
- Also fitted is a lock on switch meaning the trigger can be locked on when operating the tool for extended periods of time, for extra comfort and ease of use.
- Khadija Diamond drill bit for walls especially sized for standard sleeve and screw in electricity fitting
- 6-Months onsite Warranty on motor
Why We Recommend It?
Powerful Motor: This machine is equipped with 400 Watts high power copper motor. It can handle drilling tasks for wood, aluminium fibre, plastic and light metal sheets. It has air vents for cooling the machine efficiently.
Ergonomic Design: It has a powerful and robust plastic body with an ergonomic grip handle to provide a firm grip over the machine during operation. It can be operated comfortably over long periods of usage.
Speed Regulation: The drilling machine has reverse and forward function along with speed regulator to operate the machine at a different speed. The lowest speed can be used for screwing.
Designed for Convenience: It has a 10mm chuck that is ideal for most common household drilling tasks. It can be used for material removal and hole drilling for tasks such as hanging frames, shelves and general repairs.
Simple Operation: The machine has an ON/OFF trigger switch that positions the control at your fingertips. The lock button system assists during extended periods of operation to maintain constant drilling speeds.
Compatibility: The machine is compatible with versatile sizes and shapes of drill bits such as HSS (High-Speed Steel) and diamond drill bits that can be used for drilling standard sleeve and screw holes on the walls.
5. Foster FPD-010A 10mm Chuck Size 400-Watt Pistol Grip Drill Machine for Home
- Wattage: 400-watts
- Operating Voltage: 220 volts
- RPM: 2600
- Material: Plastic
- Colour: Red
- Item Dimension: 300mm x 90mm x 270mm
- Package Contents: 1 Drill Machine, 1 Chuck Key, User Manual
- 6-months warranty provided by the manufacturer from date of purchase on Armature and Field.
- Maximum drilling capacity: steel 10mm, wood 16mm, concrete 10mm
- Insulated shockproof body, easy to change bits
- The drill must be in switched off mode before plugging in to avoid jerk. For safety wear safety glass and gloves
Why We Recommend It?
10 mm High Precision Drill Chuck: Connect the bits closely and accurately with the 10 mm thread chuck. The strong chuck jaws are resistant to wear and tear, thus offering precise and reliable accuracy.
Copper Winding Armature: This feature adds to the durability and reliability of the unit. Manufactured using the Cold Pressing Shell technology, the motor is lightweight and powerful.
Drilling Wood: Whether you’re making furniture or repairing a wooden fence, drill holes as deep as 20-25 mm.
Drilling Concrete and Metal: The powerful 300 W motor lets you efficiently drill metal and concrete (Using Hammer drill bits) and Metal (Using HSS drill bits).
Pull Out Drill Bits: Pull out drill bits stuck to a wall safely and without causing damage to the wall.
Lock-on Button: Thanks to the lock-on button, you can drill continuously without pushing the on/off switch.
6. Skil 6510 Impact Drill 450w 10mm Vari-Speed Reversible
- 10mm variable speed
- Rated power: 450Watts
- Rated speed: 0-3000rpm
- Impact rate: 0-48000bpm
- Weight: 1.9Kg
- Warranty: 6 months, this is applicable only on manufacturing defects
- Drilling capacity of this device is 10mm (Steel), 16mm (masonry), 30mm (wood)
Why We Recommend It?
Easy to use: The Skil 6510 comes packed with a series of features which make your job a lot easier and reduces effort such as the built-in variable speed control switch and the continuous drill mode, both of which allow you to go from 0 – 3000 RPM in a matter of seconds. It also comes with a multi-use feature that facilitates easy shifting between drilling to screw-driving modes.
Ergonomic design: Designed for convenient working, the Skil 6510 features an optimal grip area that provides the ultimate stability while drilling. It comes with a pistol style handle which makes drilling in hard to reach places a smooth task.
Variable speed trigger: Stay in control of the speed at which you are drilling or screw-driving with the variable speed trigger which helps you shuttle between different speeds with the click of a button depending on different aspects of a project. This impact drill from the house of Skil comes with forward/reverse switch and variable speed function that makes it suitable for screw driving and removing old screws. You can use this drill for making bigger holes and cut-outs. You can do so by using the optional hole saw cutter attachment.
Powerful motor: With a power output of 450W, the Skil 6510 is one of the most powerful in its range with an impact rate of 0 – 48,000 bpm which helps in drilling neat perforated holes in wood, concrete, metal and even plastic.
7. CAMEL BRAND 13 mm 850W Impact Drill Machine with Reversible Function 100 Accessories
- 100+ Accessories
- Comes with 3 MONTHS WARRANTY
- 850 W powerful machine
- Impact drill machine
- Reverse and variable speed function
Why We Recommend It?
Versatile: The camel 13RE is a versatile tool and can be used for any medium DIY tasks such as drilling into the wood as well as concrete, masonry, plasterboard, metal or plastic. From home repairs to flat pack furniture assembly or blind installing, this drill can handle all these tasks. With a 13 mm durable chuck, the drill bits can be changed easily. Also supplied with a useful depth stop to make sure that you drill the holes in your material to the correct depth. Side handle provides easy 2 hand operation. This camel corded impact drill is fitted with forward and reverse that is located above the trigger making it easy to switch direction between applications. Variable speed provides a gentle start and full control in all materials.
Hammer Action: The camel drill kit has been developed as a drill to use around the home whether hanging pictures and shelves or just general repairs. The hammer mechanism with 0-45000 beats per minute ensuring that this machine drills extremely quickly and efficiently into brick and concrete. When drilling into wood, metal, plasterboard or plastics the hammer mechanism can be switched off meaning this is a great drill for the general user.
New Professional Quality Accessories: This kit containing the all-around accessories provide users with almost all fixing solutions on different surface types like masonry, brick, plasterboard, wood. High quality plastic kit box for safe storage of power tool and all accessories.
8. JCB JCB-SDS20-20 Mm 500 W Rotary Hammer Drill
- Drilling range from 4 - 20 mm
- 2 functions - drilling and hammer drilling
- Material: plastic
- Speed control switch - Electronic (variable speed for total control in any application)
- SDS-plus keyless chuck system
- Colour: yellow and black
- Ergonomic rubber coated back handle design
- Ideal for drilling anchors and fixing holes into concrete and masonry
- Impact-stop for drilling in wood, steel, ceramic and screw driving applications
- Package contents: 1 x rotary hammer drill
9. Cheston CH-CD1.2. Drill Plastic Cordless Drill Screwdriver 10mm Keyless Chuck 12V with Batteries
- Material: Plastic, Color: Yellow
- Item Dimension: 11mm x 9.5mm x 3mm
- Package Contents: 1 Cordless Drill Machine, 2 Batteries ; Reverse Rotation ; Power Source: Cordless ; 240V Wide Voltage Charger can withstand the instability of the voltage or sudden change ; 2 Speed Transmission for Screw Driving and Drilling Variable
- 6 months warranty provided by the manufacturer from date of purchase
- 1200 mah,1500mah battery capacity, drill - 10mm steel, 15mm wood, rpm600
10. IBELL Impact Drill 13MM, 650W, 2800RPM with Auto Chuck in BMC Box and 17 Accessories
- Power: 650W
- Chuck capacity: 13mm, 2800RPM
- Max drill capacity: wood- 20mm, steel- 13mm, masonry- 13mm, cable: 2m long
- Drilling & Hammering mode provides the power and speed to drill into masonry, wood and steel
- Forward and Reverse mode with adjustable variable speed. Lock-on button for continuous drilling
- Keyless / Auto Chuck for fast chuck change
- Package contents: 1 IBELL ID13-80 drill machine, 3 masonry drill bits, 3 steel drill bits, 3 wooden drill bits, 5 type screwdriver heads, 1 screwdriver head adaptor, 1 depth gauge and 1 auxiliary handle
List of Top 10 best Bosch Drill Machine in India 2019
Bosch power tools are designed to save energy and deliver the highest levels of performance. The company has won many awards at international level for its perfection and innovation in power tools and accessories segment. Bosch has been a lifeline to many builders, technicians and architects because the kind of tools it produces cater to diverse industrial sectors like automotive, construction, manufacturing and home-interiors.
Drill machine buying guide – How to choose a drill machine?
Power drills are among the most common household tool and are probably the first tools purchased by do-it-yourselfers. To get the right one for your needs, here are a few pointers to consider.
Determine the chuck size that best suits your needs. The chuck is the part of the drill that bits and other extensions fit into. Chuck size refers to the maximum shank diameter the chuck will accept. They are typically 6mm, 10mm, or 13mm. 10mm drills are best for having around the house; 6mm drills are good for very light-duty work but are small and have less torque; 13mm drills have more torque but are slower.
A chuck can be of two types – Keyed or keyless. A keyless chuck tightens a drill bit by powering the drill, putting the drill bit in the chuck, and putting it in reverse. A keyed chuck uses a mechanical key to loosen or tighten the drill bit.
Type of drill machine
Determine whether you want a corded or a cordless one. Cordless drills are more convenient, but they’re also more expensive and have a limited run time before they have to be recharged. If you need a longer run time and don’t want to recharge batteries, make sure your corded drill has a long enough cord that you don’t have to run from outlet to outlet.
Decide whether you’ll do more boring or screwing. If you’re doing construction around the house — remodelling a room or constructing a deck, you will want a hammer drill, which can chisel as well as drill. If your purpose is light maintenance, tightening loose screws or minor household repairs, all you’ll need is an electric screwdriver.
Decide on a battery type. Nickel-cadmium (NiCd) batteries are being replaced by more efficient and earth-friendly batteries, such as Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) and nickel-metal-hydride (NiMH).
Battery capacity refers to the amount of electric charge a battery can hold and is measured in amp hours. The higher the battery’s amp hour rating, the longer you can use the drill before it runs out of battery.
High motor power represents a higher strength of the drill machine which is essential for better performance. It is calculated in watts. Generally, 450 watts to 700 watts is suitable for home use.
Determine your power requirements. Cordless drill power is measured in battery voltage. High-end models are available in 18 volts and more. 12 volts is generally enough for most jobs.
The reverse feature is an important feature to have. It is useful for removing stuck bits from the surface. Keyless chucks by default have this feature.
The speed of a drill machine is measured in RPM (rounds per minute). The higher the RPM, the higher the speed of the drill machine. However, it is also important to note that, there is an inverse relation between speed and torque. This means that the higher the speed, the lower the torque and the lower the speed, the higher the torque.
Most drill drivers have 2 to 3-speed settings. Setting 1 is low speed/high torque and is best for driving screws. Setting 2 is a medium speed/torque and can be used for drilling or driving. Setting 3 is the highest speed and is meant for drilling or driving fasteners.
Adjustable mode settings
Higher-end drills have an adjustable mode selector which lets you set the mode from the hammer to drill to screw. Hammer is used for drilling through concrete, stucco etc. When engaged, it will not only spin the bit but also punch it in and out which lets you drill through brittle material with much less user applied force. Drill mode is used for drilling through all other materials except stone and no matter the torque setting drill mode automatically puts out the maximum amount of torque. The screw mode is used for driving in fasteners. This is where the torque setting becomes important to not overdrive the screw and bury it into the wood.
A clutch performs the same function in a drill machine as in a car. The drill’s clutch gives a user more control over the amount of torque applied to a screw to prevent sinking a screw too deep, stripping out the head of a screw or even breaking a screw shaft. The clutch automatically disengages the bit from the motor when the torque on the bit exceeds a pre-set value. A typical drill clutch has multiple settings. A low setting means that the clutch will disengage at low torque. High settings are used for driving large screws or driving screws into hard substances.
Number of torque settings
The more torque settings there are on the drill, the greater precision you’ll have when screw driving. Most drills have torque settings that range between 1 and 22 with 1 being the lowest. You’ll know you’re on the right torque setting when each screw stops even to the surface the chuck. The lower the setting, the less amount of resistance against the bit it’s going to take to trip the clutch and stop the tool. Torque settings one through five are going to be for very short screws. Six to fifteen is usually the range you want to be in for larger screws. Applying the correct torque setting will also put a lot less stress on the motor and prolong the life of the tool. A drill machine with torque control will have an adjustable torque control ring which allows you to pre-set a maximum level of torque for your task. Once that level is reached, the clutch will disengage the drill’s drive shaft, and stop the chuck and screwdriver bit from turning.
Many drill machines have an indicator battery pack that indicates how much of a charge your battery has left. Push on the battery icon to turn on the indicator light. Some tools will also have these lights built into the tool if it’s not on the battery.
Size and weight of the drill
Since a drill machine is a handheld tool, its size and weight need to be considered when choosing which drill machine to buy. Smaller, ergonomically designed drills are more comfortable for home use.
The handles of a drill machine may be pistol-grip, T-handle, or right angle. The most common and comfortable handle is the pistol grip handle.
A few additional features that a drill machine can have are: LED work light for working in poorly-lit spaces, a spindle lock that enables you to lock the chuck so you can safely change between bits, a built-in spirit level to help you keep the tool straight when drilling or driving and a built-in storage to keep screwdriver or drill bits.
Drill machine types – How many types of drilling machines are there?
Corded drills usually come with pistol grips and require a power socket to function. They are more powerful, lighter and cheaper than cordless drills. They can also be used for a longer time than cordless drill.
Cordless drill machine
Cordless drills come without any cords and usually run on lithium ion batteries. When compared to corded drills, they offer more mobility. However, since their battery life is limited, they need to be charged from time to time.
Drill drivers are capable of both rotary drilling and screw driving which is why they’re called drill drivers. They tend to be compact and versatile. Therefore, they are great for a wide range of light DIY jobs.
An Impact Driver turns a drill bit or a screwdriver bit or little socket via a hex chuck. The impact happens in a radial or rotary sense. The benefit of using an impact driver for driving screws for example, is that it can develop a huge amount of tightening force or loosening force. So, if you’ve got a stubborn screw you want to take out, you an impact driver will be more useful over a drill driver. The downside is that an impact driver is very heavy on the screwdriver bits. So, if you’re using standard screwdriver bits like the gunmetal grey ones, they will wear out quite quickly. So, you should always consider using impact resistant screwdriver bits with an impact driver.
Hammer or combi drill
Hammer or Combi Drills have the added capability of hammer drilling. This is where two disks behind the bit repeatedly thrust it back and forth to generate the extra force necessary to drill through tough materials like concrete. That means combination drills are better suited to heavy duty jobs, but they tend to be bulkier.
Rotary Hammer Drill
The rotary hammer drill combines the hammer mechanism with the rotation mechanism and is used for more substantial material such as masonry or concrete. A rotary hammer uses heavy drill bits like SDS or Spline Shank bits.
Frequently Asked Questions About Drill Machine
How to use a drill machine?
Drilling into your wall while knowing where the studs are and not hitting any wires may seem daunting, but it’s simple if you follow these steps. You will need:
1. Drill bits
6. Anchor Hook or screw
7. Stud finder with a live wire detector (optional)
8. Heavy-duty tape (optional).
Select the right drill bit for the job. If you’re drilling into sheetrock or plasterboard, you can use a drywall bit; use a masonry bit for brick, block, stone, quarry tiles, or concrete; use a spur point bit to drill through wood, and use a tile bit for ceramic tile or glass.
Avoid drilling above or below light switches or electrical outlets. If you have a light switch or outlet on the second floor, don’t drill below it on the first floor — the wiring likely goes down and through the first floor. You can use a stud finder with a live wire detector as a secondary measure.
Be careful drilling into a bathroom wall — or into any walls that are shared with a bathroom. You risk hitting and damaging your pipes; this also applies to areas around radiators.
Use a pencil to mark the place on your wall where you want to drill and, using a hammer and countersink, make an indentation where the hole will be. If you’re drilling into ceramic or glass, make an X with heavy-duty tape over the surface before you drill. This will prevent cracks and chips.
Place the tip of your drill bit into the indentation and gently squeeze the drill’s trigger, making sure to keep the bit straight.
Slowly increase the bit speed as you apply pressure. When you’ve achieved your desired depth, slow the bit down, but don’t stop it. Keep pressing the trigger and slowly pull the bit from the hole.
Insert an anchor into the hole if you need to, and then screw in your hook or screw. You are now ready to hang decorations on your walls!
How to select the right drill bit?
When it comes to twist drills, selecting the right one can be overwhelming. From cheap no-name drills to high-end special helix, solid carbide through-tool drills, the choices can seem endless. Three basic things separate one drill from another. Material, coating, and geometry.
Let’s start with the material your drill is made from. High-speed steel is the most basic, least expensive, general purpose drill material. And they can be re-sharpened to extend their life. Next is high-speed steel with cobalt added, which holds up better than generic high-speed steel. Cobalt gives high-speed steel more heat and wear resistance. And these drills can also be easily re-sharpened just like high-speed steel.
Carbide is the most expensive but longest lasting drill material. There are different grades, with the most expensive drills usually giving the heat and chip resistance. Carbide also allows for coolant through-holes to be added to the drill. These through-tool drills are primarily for deeper holes and tough to drill materials with a high-pressure coolant flowing to the tool to flush chips out much better, keep the cutting zone cooler, and provide extra lubrication to prevent wear.
While all these drills will cut a hole in most materials, the carbide drills will outlive cobalt by a factor of 10 or 20 times. In other words, if a cobalt drill will cut 100 holes, the carbide drill will cut 1000 or 2000 holes before it needs to be re-sharpened.
All that said, a carbide drill can easily cost ten times more than a cobalt drill. So, the investment is a lot higher. Despite the high price, the cost per hole when using carbide will usually be the lowest since it can produce so many more holes. Also, because carbide is typically capable of running three to five times faster, the decreased cycle time to produce those holes goes right to your bottom line.
Now let’s talk about selecting a proper coating for the material you’re drilling. This decision can really influence performance. Bright finish is the cheapest option and fares well in certain applications. For example, low carbon steel and aluminium can both be drilled with a bright finish tool.
Black oxide provides an advantage over bright finish in that it has a bit more lubricity, resists oxidation, and gives additional heat treatment that can offer upwards of 50% longer life while keeping your tooling costs low.
Titanium nitride, abbreviated TiN, is the most common coating. It is a great entry level coating for applications where lots of heat won’t be transferred to the tool from cutting harder or tougher materials. You can tell titanium nitride by its bright gold colour.
Titanium carbo-nitride coating, abbreviated TiCN, is a step up from TiN. It provides a higher surface temperature, slightly harder and better wearing than TiN. It’s typically blueish or purple in colour.
Finally, titanium aluminium nitride, abbreviated TiAlN, has a much higher surface temperature rating than TiN or TiCN. This grey coloured coating is excellent for your high-temperature materials, and still a good choice for steels and stainless steels. But because of the aluminium content, it isn’t a good choice for drilling aluminium.
Beyond these common coatings, many manufacturers have proprietary ones of their own that tout features like high lubricity and extremely high surface temperature range.
Generally, unless you’re cutting difficult materials, a good quality cobalt drill with a TiN or TiCN coating is a relatively inexpensive way to get higher productivity.
The third key ingredient to choosing the right drill is geometry, which plays an equally important role in drill performance. Probably the most obvious aspect of drill geometry is the drill’s length. Drills come in two common lengths. Screw machine length, commonly referred to as stub length, and jobber length.
When it comes to drilling on a CnC, stub length drills are the most common choice because they are more rigid. There are, of course, all kinds of custom lengths available for special applications. As with any cutting tool, you want to use the shortest drill length possible because the shorter the bit, the more rigid it is. Just make sure you have enough flute length to get the chips out of the hole.
Ideally, you want two times the drill diameter in flute length above the hole when the drill is at the deepest point in the hole. This allows for chip evacuation. Less than this and chips can pack up inside the flutes and cause poor surface finish, hole size, and straightness issues. Or worse, they break the drill. But you also don’t want a long jobber length drill with flutes all the way up if you’re just drilling shallow holes. This drill won’t be as rigid and will yield less precise hole position.
The drill point angle is probably another familiar aspect of drill geometry for most people. When you’re drilling metal on a CnC machine you’re generally choosing between 118-degree point and a wider 135 to 140-degree point. The 118-degree point is most common on general purpose, high-speed steel drills made for cutting mild steel, aluminium, and other soft metals. And it’s what you’ll usually find on regular, jobber length drills. The 135-degree point is more typical for stub length drills and CnC machining and harder, tougher materials.
Another thing to consider is the helix angle of the drill. This is important for proper chip clearance. Typically, helix in the 30-degree range is used for general purpose drilling in most materials. Most of the time these will work just fine, and you won’t need to concern yourself with other options. But if you’re application calls for some specialization, small helix angles below 30 down to around ten degrees, are usually selected for harder steels and aluminium alloys where good chip evacuation, fracture resistance, and edge strength are important.
On the other end, large angles up to 40 plus degrees, are often used for drilling difficult to machine materials like stainless steel where low torque requirements and cutting resistance help cut these tough gummy metals.
Last on our geometry list is a self-centring point. This is found on many cobalt drills and almost all carbide drills. This eliminates the need for a starting drill and helps drill in the true position. Regular, high-speed steel drills aren’t usually self-centring, since it’s more time consuming and expensive to grind them with this feature. Because of this, they tend to walk or wobble when they are trying to cut into a flat surface. More expensive cobalt and carbide drills are ground with this self-centring point allowing them to start cutting very easily with very tool pressure.
This virtual self-centring means there’s no need for a spot drilled hole. And it’s another way these expensive drills can be more productive than their economical brothers. Not spot drilling every hole saves lots of cycle time.
How to Change a Drill Bit?
The part of the drill that holds the bit in place is called the chuck. Inside the chuck, there are three jaws which you can see. When you rotate the collar, the jaws either open or closed depending on which direction you’re rotating the collar.
The most important thing to remember when you’re installing a bit is to make sure that the bit is centred between all three jaws of the chuck. That’s typically not a problem with a larger bit, but with a smaller bit, it can actually get stuck between two out of the three jaws of a chuck. You can still tighten it down, but you won’t be able to drill a hole because the bit will be spinning off-centre.
Now let’s talk a little bit about chucks. The first is called a keyless chuck and that’s typically what you’re going to find on most portable drills. How this works is you just install a drill bit, make sure it’s centred between the jaws and turn the collar until it’s tight. The second type of chuck you’re going to run into is called a keyed chuck and typically those are going to be found on older or larger portable drills. These chucks are tightened and loosened using a key. When you’re installing a bit in a keyed chuck the same principles apply. Just centre the bit in all three jaws and tighten it by hand to start and then use the key to finish tightening.
What are the parts of the drilling machine?
A drill machine has the following main parts:
1. Power Source
A drill machine can be powered by a battery or by an electric cord. There are three types of batteries: nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, and lithium-ion. The battery is detachable on most models and can be removed from the tool for recharging.
The grip/handle of a drill machine may be pistol-grip, T-handle, or right angle and it is usually rubber textured.
3. Speed control trigger
The speed control trigger is what activates the drill. Squeezing the trigger starts turning the chuck. The harder you push the trigger, the faster the chuck will move.
4. LED light
Some drill drivers come with an LED light that makes it convenient to work in poorly lit spaces.
5. Forward and reverse button
The forward and reverse button allows you to alternate the direction in which the drill driver turns. Forward is used for driving in screws and drilling, while reverse is used for removing screws and pulling out drill bits.
The chuck is the part that holds in place the detachable accessories like drill or screwdriver bits. All drill drivers have a 3-jawed chuck.
7. Torque control
Also known as an adjustable clutch, torque control prevents the drill driver from delivering too much torque at once when driving in screws.
8. Gear selector switch
Some drill drivers have several gears and therefore multiple speed ranges. The gear selector switch allows you to alternate between gears and therefore speed ranges as required.
Inside the body of the drill driver is its motor, which is powered by the rechargeable battery or electric cord.
What drill driver accessories are available?
Detachable bit holder:
Bit holders can be used to extend the reach or alter the angle of a drill driver. They can fit straight into the chuck of the drill, or into the end of another bit holder and are most commonly used to hold screwdriver bits.
A screwdriver bit connects with the screw to insert or remove it and is held in place by the chuck.
A drill bit is used to drill holes and comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and materials. Like a screwdriver bit, a drill bit fits into the drill driver’s chuck.
How to choose the right voltage for a drill driver?
The power of your drill driver largely depends on the voltage. The higher the voltage, the more powerful the drill will be, and also more expensive. Drill drivers range from 10v to 24v. If you are purchasing a drill driver for performing light-duty jobs like drilling or driving screws into materials such as soft and hardwood, plasterboard/drywall, and plastic, a drill driver with a voltage of 12v or less will be enough. For heavy-duty jobs, like drilling or driving screws into metal and ceramic, a drill driver with a voltage of 14v or more is required.
How to adjust the torque control on drill driver?
An adjustable torque control ring is used to select the level of torque required. The higher the level of torque you select, the more turning force the drill driver will deliver, and the more resistance it can overcome before stopping. To adjust the torque control, release the speed control trigger and wait for the cordless drill driver to come to a complete stop. The drill machine has an arrow on top. Locate it and rotate the numbered torque ring until the torque level you require is aligned with the arrow.
What accessories does a drill machine kit contain?
The following accessories are included in the drill machine kit:
1. Claw hammer
2. Screwdriver Bits
3. Adjustable wrench
4. Spirit level
5. Adjustable knife
6. Metal drill bits
7. Masonry drill bits
8. Wood drill bits
9. Socket wrench
10. Combination Pliers
11. Screws & plugs
12. Nut/screwdriver bit holder
13. Key chuck
14. Measuring tape
15. Magnetic Bit Holder
How many holes can be drilled or screws driven in one charged battery?
This largely depends on the battery type, material and application. If the screwdriver is used on hardwood, a minimum of approximately 300-400 holes can be drilled and a minimum of approximately 200-300 screws can be driven. In metal, a minimum of approximately 150-200 holes can be drilled.
How long does it take to charge the battery of a hand drill machine?
Under normal conditions, it takes approximately 1-hour to charge the battery of a hand drill machine.
Does the battery of a hand drill machine explode if it is overcharged?
No, the battery does not explode. Once it is fully charged, the charger automatically switches off.
If you don’t already own one, having a quality drill machine around the house can come in handy, especially for light-duty jobs like hanging a picture, fixing a furniture piece or unscrewing a stubborn screw.
For selecting which one to purchase, keep your purpose for buying a drill machine and budget in mind, and make a practical and informed choice.
If you are still unsure and need more help, check out the star ratings and reviews of the customers on Amazon who have actually purchased these drill machines.
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