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Are you looking to reduce toxins and harmful chemicals in your home? Do you want to make your home more habitable and healthy?
Natural Plants are the natural air purifiers that not only purify the air but also make your home livable.
In this article, our experts at Khojdeal have listed and reviewed the Top 14 Best Air Purifying Plants (Indoor) In India using NASA’s Clean Air Study. These plants can be placed inside a home or the office and are easy-to-grow plants.
It’s often the germs and toxins that you can’t see that are the most harmful.
However, there are some air-cleaning plants that will help you remove toxins and improve air quality even under low-light conditions. Carefully positioning these 14 small indoor plants will ultimately make your home a healthier place.
Top 14 Best Air Purifying Plants (Indoor) In India – For Home & Office
Choosing the right air purifying plants for your home can detoxify the air in your home. To give your home a healthy breath of fresh air, here’s our list of top 14 best indoor plants that clean the air and remove toxins. NASA’s Clean Air Study found that the interior plants listed below effective at removing formaldehyde, benzene, trichloroethylene, xylene, and ammonia from the home environment.
Best Plants for Bedroom
Bedrooms are meant to be a safe haven where you can recharge your battery, and indoor plants can go a long way in achieving that sense of serenity and tranquility. Some of the plants mentioned in our list can also improve your sleep patterns and make you sleep a little more soundly at night.
Best Plants for Balcony
You may not have a garden, or even a terrace. But, if you’re reading this article, chances are you have a balcony that’s in need of some plant love. A balcony can be a beautiful, ornamental corner of your home and the perfect place to unwind with a cup of tea or coffee after the hustle and bustle of the day. Listed below are some of the indoor plants that can thrive really well in balconies.
Best Plants for Office
For many people around the world, the office is like a second home, but spending eight or more hours in an office can seem like a drag. Indoor plants are one of the best ways to help with this. They can increase the humidity around the desk, remove toxins from the air, and add a touch of style to your work-space. But, how can you choose which plants will best fit into your office space? Fortunately, we’ve compiled a list of the best plants for your desk.
Best Plants for Living Room
Plants add color, shape, and life to living rooms, and are a powerful tool in your decoration arsenal. Like artwork, furniture, and other decor accents, you can use them as a focal point or to fill an empty awkward dead space. So, which indoor plant should you get for your living room? There are a wide range of options to choose from.
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How To Take Care of Indoor Plants?
The first step to successful house plant care is to know the cultural requirements of the plants that you’re growing.
There are different types of indoor plants. So, the first thing to find out about a plant includes how much light it likes, how much water and if it needs more humidity then your house normally has.
People usually prefer low-light indoor plants as they will grow well even if the house has issues of low-light.
Watering is usually the Achilles heel for house plant growers. You can’t water by the calendar for happy plants, you have to water by the plant’s needs.
Use room temperature water and if you have chlorinated water let the water sit for about twenty-four hours so that the chlorine can dissipate.
Most house plants have the bulk of their roots in the bottom two-thirds of the pot, so if you water when the top of the soil is dry you are probably overwatering. A better indicator is the moisture meter like this or you can do a good old finger test. Poke your finger up to your middle joint into the pot and only water the plant if the tip of your finger feels barely moist. It’s important to let the topsoil dry out a bit. This helps prevent pests like fungus gnats.
There are two ways of watering, top watering is when you water the plant until the saucer fills up with water. Once that’s happened you throw away the water in the saucer because you don’t want the plant to be sitting in that water.
You can bottom water by putting the pot into two to three inches of water and wait for it to wick up to the top of the soil.
Washing the leaves of your smooth leaved plants will help too, this makes sure that any accumulation of dust won’t interfere with the sunlight.
Using a soft moist cloth simply clean off the leaves periodically. If they have small leaves take the plant outside and spray it down with lukewarm water. Don’t use a duster, that can spread plant mites and eggs. Pick off any large pests you see. To get small pests off your plants wash the leaves with a soft cotton cloth and warm water. You can also clean off pests with a forceful spray of lukewarm water. Sometimes it’s best just to prune out some badly infested sections.
Harmful Chemicals That Can Be Removed With The Help Of Indoor Plants
Benzene is a very commonly used solvent and is also present in many basic items including gasoline, inks, oils, paints plastics, and rubber. In addition, it is used in the manufacture of detergents, explosives, pharmaceuticals, and dyes. Benzene has long been known to irritate the skin and eyes. Repeated skin contact with benzene causes drying, inflammation, blistering, and dermatitis.
Trichloroethylene is a commercial product with a wide variety of industrial uses. It is most commonly used in the metal degreasing and dry-cleaning. It is also used in printing inks, paints, lacquers, varnishes, and adhesives. The National Cancer Institute considers this chemical a potent liver carcinogen.
Formaldehyde is a ubiquitous chemical found in virtually all indoor environments. The major sources include consumer paper products like grocery bags, waxed papers, facial tissues, and paper towels. Common household cleaning agents, cigarette smoke and heating and cooking fuels such as natural gas and kerosene also contain formaldehyde. Formaldehyde irritates the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and throat. It is a highly reactive chemical that combines with protein and can cause allergic contact dermatitis.
Top 14 Best Air Purifying Plants (Indoor) In India Reviewed
- English Ivy
- Bamboo Palm
- Chinese Evergreen
- Snake Plant
- Spider Plant
- Peace Lily
- Rubber Plant
- Boston Fern
- Areca Palm
- Aloe Vera
- Kimberly Queen Fern
- Red Edged Dracaena
1. English Ivy – Best Plant For Balcony
English Ivy is a classically elegant choice as an indoor houseplant that is also excellent for removing harmful toxins found in the home. Additional studies have also shown that English Ivy can help fight mould levels in the home. It’s also known for helping to improve the symptoms of allergies and asthma. The plant is best for balcony use it can grow 50 feet long or more.
Scientific name: Hedera Helix
Eliminates: Benzene, Carbon Monoxide, Formaldehyde & Trichloroethylene
Plant care: Water generously during growth, but don’t overwater during the winter. Provide it four hours of direct sunlight a day.
2. Bamboo Palm – Best Bamboo Plant Indoor
The Bamboo Palm is included on NASA’s clean air plant list as an effective way to clean the air in your home. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals has deemed this house plant non-toxic, so it’s safe for pets.
Scientific name: Dypsis lutescens
Eliminates: Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene and Benzene
Plant care: Bamboo palms will grow faster in bright indirect light; however, they will be content in medium or even low-light conditions as long as you’re careful not to over-water them.
3. AGLAONEMA Chinese Evergreen – Best for Low Light Areas
Chinese Evergreen plant has great foliage. The leaves are punctuated with shades of grey, silver and green making Chinese evergreen an attractive choice to brighten the low light areas of your home. They also do a great job filtering out a variety of air pollutants, and if you care for them right, they can live for ten years or more.
Scientific name: Aglaonema
Eliminates: Formaldehyde and Xylene
Plant care: These plants are very easy to take care of. They thrive in low light and will grow in places where other plants won’t grow. Because they’re tropical, they like humid air, so you should mist the leaves occasionally.
4. Snake Plant – Best Plant for Bedroom
This carefree, succulent plant tolerates neglect extremely well. If you’ve had no success with houseplants other than plastic ones, give snake plant a try. Studies show that it clears the air inside the home or workplace of many toxins like formaldehyde and benzene which are potential carcinogens as well as ozone one of the biggest pollutants in outside air.
Scientific name: Sansevieria trifasciata
Eliminates: Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene, Benzene and Xylene
Plant care: It can withstand low light but appreciates brighter conditions. It thrives on carbon dioxide and turns it into oxygen. The only problem likely to develop is root rot if you overwater the plant.
5. Spider Plant – Easy To Grow Plant
The spider plant’s rich foliage and tiny white flowers are instrumental in absorbing odours and fumes as well as carbon monoxide helping to improve the air quality in your home. It can also clear up to 90% of the formaldehyde in the air.
Scientific name: Chlorophytum comosum
Eliminates: Formaldehyde and Xylene
Plant care: Spider Plants thrive in cool to average home temperatures and prefer dry soil. They also like bright and indirect sunlight, so keep them close to a window.
6. Peace Lily – Low Maintenance Plant
Peace Lily is at the top of NASA’s list for removing toxins from the air. They help cleanse toxins from the air that come from synthetic materials in our homes and offices including carpets, furniture paint and cleansers. It’s easy to care for plant. All it really needs is shade and weekly watering.
Scientific name: Spathiphyllum
Eliminates: Benzene, Carbon Monoxide, Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene, Xylene
Plant care: Keep the soil moist, but do not overwater. Peace lilies can tolerate short periods of dry soil, but their leaves will start to brown if neglected for too long. Peace lilies are a tropical plant, so they enjoy high humidity.
7. Philodendron – Heart Shaped Leaves
Philodendron is a durable foliage plant that has long been the backbone of indoor gardening. It has pretty, heart-shape leaves and adapts well to low-light spots. It is often grown with stems trailing over the edge of bookshelves or large pieces of furniture.
It does a great job of cleaning the air of all kinds of toxins especially formaldehyde fumes that come from many common construction materials and some floor coverings. VOCs or volatile organic compounds are commonly released from most of the man-made materials in our homes from floor coverings and building materials to furniture paint, plastics and even computer ink.
Scientific name: Philodendron
Plant care: Set the plant in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. When growing philodendron plants, allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings.
8. Rubber Plant – Best Office Plant
The glossy leaves of the Rubber Plant will swiftly add a sophisticated touch to your home. And the really good thing about it is that it is easy to look after.
Scientific name: Ficus elastica
Eliminates: Xylene, Benzene, Formaldehyde and Trichloroethylene
Plant care: The plant really likes brightly lit rooms but not direct sunlight and if you overwater it, it will drop its leaves in soggy protest.
9. Boston Fern – Best Air-Purifying Plant
These gorgeous plants develop bright green, arching leaves that look great in urns or baskets. Boston ferns thrive in partially shady indoor and outdoor locations away from cold drafts or heat ducts. Water whenever the soil feels dry to the touch, and mist often during the winter to minimize leaf drop.
Scientific name: Nephrolepis exaltata
Eliminates: Formaldehyde and Xylene
Plant care: Boston ferns need a cool place with high humidity and indirect light.
10. Areca Palm – Golden Cane Palm
Areca palms are one of the most widely used palms for bright interiors. They are plants with gorgeous long, feathery leaves that demand a lot of care and attention. Considering that the plant has a ten-year lifespan, that is a lot effort to care for a plant, but you will be rewarded with a tropical feel in your living space.
Scientific name: Dypsis lutescens
Eliminates: Benzene, Carbon Monoxide, Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene and Xylene
Plant care: They need bright, indirect light from a south- or west-facing window. The leaves turn yellowish-green in direct sunlight.
11. Ficus – Best Bonsai Plant
The Ficus genus of ornamental plants is a range of species which are very popular for growing indoors, whether in a house, conservatory, office, or hotel. They are not hard plants to grow; most people just above beginner level can grow and maintain them very well.
Scientific name: Ficus
Eliminates: Formaldehyde, Trichloroethylene and Benzene
Plant care: Plant the ficus in a well-draining potting mix.Water weekly during the summer with room-temperature water.
12. Aloe Vera – Best Medicinal Plant
Aloe Vera is another one of NASA’s top air-purifying plants. This is an easy-to-care succulent that has elongated leaves. Aloe Vera actually has a history of being used for medicinal purposes, dating back to ancient Egypt. The gel inside of the aloe plant can help heal cuts and burns and has multiple other benefits too.
Scientific name: Aloe Vera
Plant care: Aloe Vera loves full sunlight, so it’s a great choice for a sunny kitchen window.
13. Kimberly Queen Fern – Best Plant For Living Room
Bold and beautiful, Kimberly Queen Fern is easy to grow. The dark green leaves are perfect for adding tropical texture to shaded decks, patios, and other outdoor living areas. Less prone to shedding, a Kimberly Queen Fern will filter xylene and formaldehyde.
Scientific name: Nephrolepis obliterate
Eliminates: Formaldehyde and Benzene
Plant care: Your Kimberly Queen Fern prefers bright, indirect light, but can survive in the direct sun if it’s watered on a regular basis and the soil remains moist. Allow the top 2-3” of soil to dry out before watering.
14. Red Edged Dracaena – Best Stress Relieving Plant
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Don’t confuse this plant with the vegetable of the same name. This beautiful houseplant offers variegated leaves and a single upright stem – so it resembles a decorative corn stalk without the ears. Plant several together in a large container for a fuller appearance. This plant has the potential to grow to 8ft, so keep it in a room with high ceilings and reasonable sunlight.
Scientific name: Dracaena marginata
Eliminates: Benzene, Formaldehyde, Toluene, Xylene and Trichloroethylene
Plant care: Red Edged Dracaena needs moderate to bright, indirect light. Water when the soil starts to dry out at the top. Do not overwater as this will cause the leaf tips to blacken.
Apart from air-purifying indoor plants, there are other ways to purify the air in your home. A few of them include keeping floors clean by vacuuming and mopping, avoiding synthetic cleaners or air fresheners, reducing humidity in the air through dehumidifiers and increasing ventilation.
In fact, some researches have also used air filters in combination with air purifying plants.
That’s why experts are now recommending using air purifiers along with indoor plants to purify indoor air and make it toxin and germ-free.
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