Top 5 Types Of Rice In India 2023

Welcome to our blog about types of rice in India! Rice is a staple food in many countries, and India is no exception. Here you can find out more about the types of rice which are popular in India. We will explain their nutritional content, cooking methods and uses so that you can learn what types of Indian rice would be best for your needs. We will also provide general information on the types of rice found in India and tips on how they can be used to make delicious dishes. So let’s dive right into it. Read on to discover the top 5 types of rice in India. Enjoy!

Varieties of Rice in India

The types of rice in India can be broadly classified into two categories:

  • Long grain rice: Long grain rice is the most popular type of rice in India. It is known for its long, slender shape and light, fluffy texture. It is also more aromatic than other types of rice. Common varieties of long-grain rice include Basmati, Jeerakasala, and Pulao rice.
  • Short grain rice: Short grain rice is known for its short, round shape and sticky texture. It is usually used for dishes like biryani, Pongal, and kheer. Popular varieties of short-grain rice include sona masuri, ponni, and kolam.

List of The Best 5 Types of Rice in India

Sr NoTypes
1Basmati Rice
2Sona Masoori Rice
3Brown Rice
4Red Rice
5Wild Rice

1. Basmati Rice

Basmati Rice

Basmati rice is one of the types of rice that India produces in abundance. It is prized for its distinct nutty aroma and texture and served as a staple food in many parts of India. Basmati rice has been grown and consumed in India since ancient times and was once considered a royal dish fit only for emperors. Its slender grains cook up to twice as long as other types of rice, creating fluffy yet buttery goodness that is both flavourful and aromatic. In addition to being enjoyed in traditional Indian dishes such as biryani or samosas, basmati has even made its way into gourmet kitchens all around the world, showcasing its elegance and refined taste. From cooking it with vegetables to having it as part of a delicious curry, basmati rice adds an exquisite touch to whatever cuisine it graces.

Also read: Types of Tea in India

2. Sona Masoori Rice

Sona Masoori Rice

There are many types of rice in India, each with its own distinct characteristics that make them special. Sona Masoori Rice is certainly one of the most popular types of rice found in India today. It’s known for being a lightweight, non-sticky aromatic long-grain rice with a slightly sweet taste and subtle nutty aroma. Due to its unique combination of flavour and texture, it has become a favourite amongst chefs and home cooks alike who add it to everything from pilafs to pulaos. What makes Sona Masoori Rice unique is its excellent ability to retain its shape during cooking but still separate easily when served making it an ideal choice when serving dishes like biryani or fried rice. So the next time you’re looking for some delicious, fluffy rice to complement any dish, reach for some Sona Masoori – you won’t be disappointed.

3. Brown Rice

Brown Rice

In India, types of rice play an important role in traditional Indian cuisine. Brown rice is one such type of rice that is gaining popularity among health-conscious people in the country. As compared to other types like white or basmati, brown rice has multiple benefits and nutritive advantages due to its trice as intact or partially broken grain, with the bran and germ layers still attached. Compared to other types of rice, it offers more vitamins and minerals such as thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, manganese, iron and dietary fibre. Not only does brown rice help boost digestion but also keeps our blood sugars balanced. It’s a heart-healthy food that can be used in all types of curries, pilafs and more.

4. Red Rice

Red Rice

Red rice is an integral part of Indian cuisine, making up one of the many types of rice grown and enjoyed by people in India. It is a nutritious grain that provides essential carbohydrates, protein, and fibre. Not only is it a tasty option for mealtime, but its red hue makes it an excellent addition to dishes as a decorative element, especially in more festive meals. Red rice has a firmer texture when cooked than other types of rice, like basmati or jasmine, making it perfect for dishes such as salads or stir-fries. In certain regions of India, red rice may also be consumed on its own as a breakfast cereal or snack food. All types of rice are important elements in Indian cuisine and provide a diverse range of flavours and textures to any meal.

5. Wild Rice

Wild Rice

Wild rice, also known as kutki and jhinjoara, is an integral part of India’s culinary heritage. Indigenous to the subcontinent, wild rice types have been around for centuries and are still a staple of Indian diets today. These types of rice are smaller than traditional varieties but packed with flavour, remarkably versatile and boast an impressively complex nutrition profile. Used in countless types of curries, side dishes and desserts, wild rice types provide Indians with essential macro and micronutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fatty acids minerals and antioxidants. Overall, wild rice is an immensely important part of Indian food culture that has stood the test of time and will continue to be popular for generations to come.

Nutritional Benefits of Rice

Rice is an important staple food in India, providing a source of carbohydrates and a range of essential vitamins and minerals. Rice is a rich source of energy, minerals and vitamins. Here are some of the nutritional benefits of rice.

1. Carbohydrates

Rice is a source of carbohydrates, providing energy to fuel the body. Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is absorbed into the bloodstream and used for energy. Rice is a good source of complex carbohydrates, which are slowly broken down and absorbed into the body, helping to keep blood sugar levels stable. Brown rice is a particularly good source of complex carbohydrates.

Also read : Types of cheese in India

2. Protein

Rice is also a good source of protein, providing essential amino acids which are needed to build and repair cells. Brown rice is a particularly good source of protein, providing around 6g of protein per 100g. This makes it an ideal source of protein for vegetarians and vegans.

3. Vitamins and Minerals

Rice is a good source of essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, iron, magnesium, zinc and potassium. Brown rice is particularly rich in these nutrients, providing more vitamins and minerals than white rice. Brown rice also contains more fibre, which helps to keep the digestive system healthy.

Uses of Rice in India

Rice is used in a variety of dishes in India. It is an essential part of a traditional Indian meal, served with dal and curries or stir-fried vegetables. Rice is also used to make sweet dishes like kheer and payasam. In some parts of India, it is also used to make savoury snacks like pakoras and vada.

Here are some of the major ways rice can be used:

1. Culinary Uses

Rice is one of the most versatile ingredients used in Indian cuisine. It is used in a variety of dishes ranging from plain rice to biryani, to pulao, and even desserts. It is also used to make a variety of snacks like seven, upma, idli, and a variety of dosas. It is also used to make a variety of rice-based beverages like neer mor, kanji, and sutta-kal. Rice is also used to make rice flour and is one of the main ingredients used in much Indian bread.

2. Medicinal Uses

Rice is said to have many medicinal properties. It is believed to be a natural remedy for skin disorders and digestive problems, and even to reduce inflammation. Rice is also used to treat fever, colds, and coughs. It is also said to be good for improving the health of the heart and reducing cholesterol. Rice is also used to make herbal remedies like rice water and rice oil, which are said to be beneficial for hair health and skin health. Rice is also said to be rich in antioxidants and can help to protect the body from free radicals, which can cause damage to cells.

3. Benefits of Rice

Rice is a healthy and nutritious food. It is a good source of energy, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. It is also low in fat and cholesterol and contains no saturated fats. Rice is easy to digest and is a great source of dietary fibre, which helps with digestion and weight management.

Tips for Cooking Rice

Cooking rice is a simple process, but there are some tips to keep in mind to ensure that it turns out perfectly:

  • Always rinse the rice before cooking to remove any dirt or debris.
  • Use the correct amount of water for the type of rice you are cooking. Generally, long-grain rice should be cooked with two parts water to one part rice, while short-grain rice should be cooked with one and a half parts water to one part rice.
  • Bring the water to a boil before adding the rice, and then reduce the heat and simmer for the specified time.
  • Let the cooked rice sit for 10 minutes before serving to let the steam escape and the grains become fluffy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the 4 main types of rice?

There are four main types of rice: long grain, medium grain, short grain, and sticky (glutinous) rice. Long-grain rice is the most commonly used type of white rice. It has a mild flavour and firm texture when cooked. Medium-grain rice is shorter and plumper than long-grain varieties, with a softer texture and sweeter taste. Short-grain rice is even shorter and rounder in shape than medium grains, with a creamy consistency when cooked. Glutinous or “sticky” rice is a variety of short-grain that becomes very sticky after cooking due to its higher starch content. This makes it useful for making dishes such as sushi and sweet desserts like mochi ice cream.

How many types of rice are there in India?

There are hundreds of varieties of rice grown in India. The most common types include basmati, parboiled, red or brown, aromatic (jasmine), and special varieties such as Gobindobhog, Matta, Kala Jeera and more. Each type of rice has its own distinct flavour and texture which makes it ideal for different recipes. Basmati is the long-grained variety which is popularly used to make biryani and pulao dishes; Parboiled or ‘puttu’ rice is widely used in Kerala to cook dishes like puttukari; Red or brown rice is high in nutritional value and has a mild nutty flavour; Aromatic jasmine rice is fragrant and is mostly used in Chinese dishes; And lastly, special varieties like Gobindobhog, Matta and Kala Jeera are used to make traditional Indian dishes.

Which type of rice is best in India?

In India, there are many varieties of rice with their own unique flavours and textures. One of the most popular types is Basmati Rice, which has a distinctive nutty flavour and long, slender grains. It is often used in traditional Indian dishes such as pulao and biryani. Many people also prefer Jeera or cumin-flavoured rice, which adds a zesty flavour when cooked. Other popular varieties include Sona Masoori rice, Kala Chana rice, as well as idlis and dosas. Ultimately, the best type of rice to use may depend on personal preference and the dish being prepared. However, Basmati Rice remains one of the most widely used kinds in Indian cuisine due to its flavour and texture.


In conclusion, India is home to a wide array of types of rice. From aromatic Basmati and fragrant Sona Masoori rice to the creamy Pusa White Rice, each type has its own unique flavour and texture. Whether you’re looking for something light and fluffy or something that will hold up to heavy stews and curries, there’s sure to be an Indian rice variety that fits your needs! And if you’re looking for a change from white rice, there are also types like Red Matta Rice and Bhutanese Red Rice that offer more exotic flavours. No matter which type of rice you choose, rest assured it’ll be delicious! So, when it comes to types of rice in India, the possibilities are really endless

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Written By Aastha Gautam

Meet Aastha, a passionate poet, content writer and avid reader. She loves books, music, and journaling and is dedicated to writing stories. Her goal is to become an author and share her creativity with the world. Follow her journey as she delves deeper into the world of literature.

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