Types Of Edible Mushroom In India – 14 Different Varieties

There are many different types of mushrooms, and each has its own unique set of characteristics. While some mushrooms are small and insignificant, others can grow to be quite large. Some mushrooms are brightly coloured, while others are a more subdued brown or white.

Mushroom caps can vary in shape from smooth and rounded to deeply lobed. The stems of mushrooms can also differ in both size and shape. Some mushrooms have gills on their underside that release spores, while others lack gills altogether.

With such a wide variety of mushroom types, it is no wonder that these fungi have long been a source of fascination for both scientists and laypeople alike.

Types Of Edible Mushroom In India

Did you know that India is home to a wide variety of mushrooms? There are hundreds of different types, and they can be found all over the country. Each region has its own unique varieties, and they are used in a variety of dishes. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at some of the most common mushrooms found in India. We will also discuss their uses and benefits. So, if you’re interested in learning more about Indian mushrooms, keep reading!

1. White Button Mushrooms

White button mushrooms are the most common type of mushroom consumed in India. These small, white mushrooms have a firm texture and a mild flavour that makes them versatile enough to be used in a variety of dishes. While they can be enjoyed raw, cooking brings out their more complex flavour profile.

These mushrooms are an excellent source of several nutrients, including selenium, a mineral that plays an important role in thyroid function. They’re also a good source of vitamin B6, which is essential for energy metabolism, and copper, which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells. Additionally, white button mushrooms are a good source of fibre and protein.

There are endless ways to enjoy white button mushrooms. Sauté them with garlic and shallots as a simple side dish, or add them to pasta, pizzas, or soups. They can also be grilled, roasted, or breaded and fried. No matter how you enjoy them, white button mushrooms are a delicious and healthy addition to your diet.

Nutrition in 90 g White Button mushrooms

  • 20 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 3 g of carbohydrate
  • 3 g of protein (2.6)
  • 0.18 mcg of vitamin D
  • 23.6 mcg of vitamin D (UV-exposed white button mushrooms)

2. Portobello Mushrooms

Portobello mushrooms are a variety of mushroom that is grown and harvested commercially. They are large in size, with a diameter that can range from four to six inches. The flesh of the mushroom is firm and dense, making it ideal for cooking.

Portobello mushrooms have a deep, earthy flavour that pairs well with other strong flavours, such as garlic or onions. When cooked, the mushrooms can be used as a meat substitute in many dishes.

Portobello mushrooms are a good source of several nutrients, including protein, fibre, potassium, and vitamin C. They also contain antioxidants that may help protect against cell damage and some chronic diseases.

Nutrition in 84 g Portobello mushrooms

  • 19 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 3 g of carbohydrate
  • 2 g of protein
  • 0.252 mcg of vitamin D
  • 23.9 mcg of vitamin D (UV-exposed portabella whole piece)

3. Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake mushrooms are a type of edible mushroom that is native to East Asia. These mushrooms have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries and are now gaining popularity in the Western world for their health benefits.

These mushrooms are a good source of protein and fibre. They also contain vitamins B6, C, and D, as well as minerals like copper and selenium. Shiitake mushrooms are low in calories and fat, making them a healthy addition to any diet. They can be added to soups, stews, stir-fries, and other dishes.

The compounds in shiitake mushrooms have been shown to boost the immune system, fight inflammation, and protect against diseases like cancer. They are also being studied for their potential to improve heart health and cognitive function.

Nutrition in 76 g Shiitake mushrooms  

  • 26 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 5 g of carbohydrate
  • 2 g protein
  • 0.304 mcg of vitamin D

4. Oyster Mushrooms

Oyster mushrooms are a type of edible mushroom that is popular in many cuisines. The oyster mushroom is characterized by its large, umbrella-like cap and white, fleshy stem. They are considered to be a delicacy in many cultures and are often used in soups, stews, and stir-fries.

These mushrooms are native to temperate and subtropical regions of the world. They can be found growing on trees, logs, or dead wood in moist areas. They are also cultivated in many parts of the world.

Oyster mushrooms are a good source of vitamins and minerals. They are also a low-calorie food, making them an ideal choice for those watching their weight.

Nutrition in 90 g Oyster mushrooms

  • 30 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 5 g of carbohydrate
  • 3 g of protein
  • 0.63 mcg of vitamin D

5. Enoki Mushrooms

Enoki mushrooms are long, thin mushrooms that have a delicate flavour and crunchy texture. They are often used in soups, salads, and stir-fries.

These mushrooms are native to East Asia and have been cultivated for centuries. In recent years, they have become popular in Western cuisine as well.

They are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, potassium, and copper. They also contain antioxidants that may help protect against some diseases. Enoki mushrooms are low in calories and fat, and they are a good source of fibre.

Nutrition in 85 g Enoki mushrooms  

  • 31 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 7 g of carbohydrate
  • 2 g of protein
  • 0.085 mcg of vitamin D

6. Shimeji Mushrooms

Shimeji mushrooms, also known as beech mushrooms, are a type of edible mushroom native to East Asia. They have a white or cream-colored cap and a stem that is slightly thicker than the average mushroom. The taste of shimeji mushrooms is described as being mildly sweet and nutty.

These mushrooms can be eaten raw, cooked, or pickled. They are commonly used in stir-fries, soups, and other dishes.

Shimeji mushrooms are a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D, potassium, and selenium. They also contain antioxidants that may help protect against some chronic diseases.       

Nutrition in 100 g Shimeji mushrooms

  • 35 Calories
  • 4 Calories from Fat
  • 0.4 g Fat
  • 0.02 g Saturated Fat
  • 18 mg Sodium
  • 420 mg Potassium 420mg
  • 6 g Carbohydrates
  • 2 g Fibre 2g
  • 1 g Sugar
  • 3 g Protein
  • 1.3 mg Iron

7. Porcini Mushrooms

Porcini mushrooms, also known as boletes, are a type of edible fungi. They have a meaty texture and a nutty flavour that make them a popular ingredient in many dishes. Porcini mushrooms can be found fresh or dried, and are often used in soups, sauces, and stews.

These mushrooms are native to Europe, where they grow in the wild. They can also be found in North America and Asia. Porcini mushrooms have a short shelf life and should be used within a few days of purchase. Dried porcini mushrooms will keep for up to a year if stored in a cool, dry place.

Porcini mushrooms are a good source of vitamins and minerals. They are a good source of copper, potassium, and zinc. These mushrooms are also a good source of fibre. Porcini mushrooms can be cooked in a variety of ways. They can be sauteed, grilled, or roasted and can also be added to soups, stews, and sauces.

Nutrition in 28 g Porcini mushrooms

  • 105 calories
  • 14 g carbohydrates
  • 7 g protein
  • 0 g fat
  • 7 g dietary fibre
  • 5 mg iron

8. Paddy Straw Mushrooms

Paddy straw mushrooms are a type of edible fungi that is popular in Asian cuisine. These mushrooms are usually grown on rice straw, hence their name. They have a distinctive earthy flavour and a chewy texture that makes them a popular ingredient in stir-fries, soups, and other dishes.

These mushrooms are a good source of protein, fibre, and vitamins. They also contain antioxidants that can help protect against cell damage.

Paddy straw mushrooms are a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes. Try adding them to soups, stews, stir-fries, or rice dishes. They can also be used as a meat replacement in vegetarian dishes.

Nutrition in 100 g Paddy Straw mushrooms

  • 37 Calories
  • 5 g Carbs
  • 1 g Fat
  • 3 g Protein

9. Milky Mushrooms

Milky Mushrooms are a variety of edible mushrooms found in the genus Lactarius. The milk-like substance emitted by these mushrooms when cut or broken is the source of their name. This milky liquid contains enzymes that break down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars, making them an excellent food source for many animals and insects.

These mushrooms are also popular in many cuisines, as they have a rich, creamy flavour that pairs well with many other ingredients. In addition to being used as a food source, Milky Mushrooms are also used in traditional medicine for their purported health benefits.

Milky Mushrooms are native to temperate and subtropical regions of the world, and can be found in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. In the wild, they typically grow on decaying wood or near the base of trees.

Cultivated Milky Mushrooms are often grown on straw or other organic materials. Once harvested, they can be eaten fresh or cooked in a variety of dishes.

These Mushrooms are a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D, potassium, and selenium. They also contain antioxidants that may help protect against some chronic diseases. Additionally, these mushrooms are a prebiotic food, meaning they promote the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut.

Nutrition in 96 g Milky mushrooms

  • 21 Calories
  • 3 g Carbs
  • 1 g Fibre
  • 3 g Protein
  • 0 g Fat

10. Cremini Mushroom

Cremini mushrooms, also known as Italian brown mushrooms, are a type of mushroom that is native to Europe and North America. These mushrooms are closely related to the white button mushrooms that are commonly found in grocery stores, but they have a darker colour and a more robust flavour.

They can be eaten raw, cooked, or used as an ingredient in a variety of dishes. When cooked, they have a savoury flavour that pairs well with meats and other vegetables. They can also be used in soups, stews, and sauces.

Cremini mushrooms are a good source of several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, potassium, and iron. They also contain antioxidants and fibre.

Nutrition in 80 g Cremini mushrooms

  • 18 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 3 g of carbohydrate
  • 2 g of protein
  • 0.08 mcg of vitamin D
  • 25.52 mcg of vitamin D (UV-exposed cremini mushrooms)

11. Morel Mushrooms

Morel mushrooms are a type of edible fungi that have a unique appearance and taste. While they can be found in many parts of the world, morels are most commonly associated with North America. These mushrooms typically grow in wooded areas and are often considered a delicacy by mushroom hunters.

Morels have a spongy texture and a nutty flavour that makes them a popular ingredient in many dishes. While these mushrooms are often eaten fresh, they can also be dried and used as an ingredient in soups and sauces.

If you are looking for a unique and delicious way to add more flavour to your meals, consider using Morel mushrooms. These mushrooms can be a great addition to any dish, and they are sure to please even the pickiest of eaters.

Nutrition in 91 g Morel mushrooms

  • 28 calories
  • 0.5 g total fat
  • 18.9 mg Sodium
  • 371 mg Potassium
  • 4.6 g Total Carbohydrates
  • 2.5 g Dietary Fibre
  • 0.6 g Sugars
  • 2.8 g Protein

12. Maitake Mushroom

Maitake mushrooms are an edible fungus that have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. These mushrooms are known for their unique shape and taste and have become increasingly popular in Western cuisine in recent years.

They are rich in nutrients and antioxidants and have been shown to have numerous health benefits. They are thought to boost the immune system, improve cognitive function, and help to prevent cancer.

Maitake mushrooms are available fresh, dried, or in powder form. They can be added to soups, stews, stir-fries, and other dishes.

Nutrition in 70 g Maitake mushrooms

  • 22 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 5 g of carbohydrate
  • 1 g of protein
  • 19.7 mcg of vitamin D

13. Golden Chanterelle Mushroom

The Golden Chanterelle is a type of edible mushroom that can be found in many parts of the world. This mushroom is characterized by its golden colour and trumpet-like shape. The Golden Chanterelle is often used in French cuisine and can be found fresh or dried in many markets.

This mushroom has a slightly fruity taste, and a chewy texture. When cooked, the Golden Chanterelle can be used in many different dishes, such as soups, stews, and sauces. It is also a popular ingredient in mushroom risotto.

The Golden Chanterelle is high in vitamins and minerals and is a good source of fibre. This mushroom is also low in calories and fat, making it a healthy addition to any diet.

Nutrition in 54 g Golden Chanterelle Mushroom

  • 17.3 Calories
  • 0.3 g Fat
  • 4.9 mg Sodium
  • 3.7 g Carbohydrates
  • 2.1 g Fibre
  • 0.6 g Sugar
  • 0.8 g Protein
  • 144 IU Vitamin D

14. Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Lion’s Mane mushroom is an edible fungus with a long, shaggy appearance. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries and is now gaining popularity as a dietary supplement. Some people believe that this mushroom can help improve cognitive function and boost energy levels. There is some scientific evidence to support these claims, but more research is needed.

This mushroom is rich in compounds that may have a variety of health benefits. For example, it contains hericystin and erinacine, which are thought to promote nerve growth and regeneration. This fungus is also a good source of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds.

In addition to being eaten as food, Lion’s Mane mushroom is sometimes made into a tea or extract. Some people use it topically for wound healing or skin conditions.

Nutrition in 100 g Lion’s Mane mushrooms

  • 35 calories
  • 0 g of fat
  • 0 g of sodium
  • 17 mcg/57% RDV of Biotin (vitamin B7)

Health Benefits of Mushrooms

Most people think of mushrooms as a type of vegetable, but they actually are a fungus. While there are some mushrooms that are poisonous, many varieties are delicious and nutritious. Here are just a few of the health benefits that mushrooms can offer.

1. Lower Blood Pressure

Mushrooms can help to lower blood pressure. This is due to their high potassium content, which helps to balance out the sodium in your bloodstream and reduce strain on your heart. They also contain compounds that have been shown to improve blood vessel function. This can further reduce the risk of hypertension and other cardiovascular problems.

2. Boost Immune System

Mushrooms are often overlooked as a source of antioxidants, but they can actually be quite beneficial in boosting the immune system. They contain compounds that help to fight inflammation, and they’re also a good source of selenium, which is a mineral that plays a key role in immunity. Additionally, mushrooms are a good source of B vitamins, which are essential for proper immune function.

3. Weight loss

Mushrooms have been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine and are now gaining popularity as a weight-loss aid. While there are many different types of mushrooms, the ones most commonly associated with weight loss are shiitake, oyster, and white button mushrooms. These mushrooms contain substances that can help to boost metabolism and promote fat burning.

For example, shiitake mushrooms are a good source of beta-glucans, which are known to increase fat burning. Oyster mushrooms also contain beta-glucans, as well as compounds that can inhibit the storage of fat. White button mushrooms, meanwhile, are rich in a compound called Ergothioneine, which has been shown to boost metabolism.

In addition, all three of these mushroom types are low in calories and high in fibre, making them an excellent choice for those looking to lose weight.

4. Source of Vitamin D

One of the most important nutrients found in mushrooms is vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and studies have shown that it can also help to reduce the risk of certain cancers. While our bodies can produce vitamin D from sunlight exposure, many people do not get enough sun exposure to meet their needs. As a result, mushrooms can be an important source of this essential nutrient.

5. Management of neurodegenerative conditions

Neurodegenerative conditions are those where the nerve cells in the brain degenerate and die. This leads to problems with movement, thinking and behaviour. Some of the most common neurodegenerative conditions are Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease.

There is currently no cure for any of these conditions, but there are treatments that can help to manage the symptoms. Studies have shown that compounds found in mushrooms can help to protect neurons from damage and improve cognitive function.

6. Support gut health

Mushrooms are a good source of fibre, which is important for a healthy gut. Fibre helps keep things moving along the digestive tract and can also help reduce constipation and diarrhoea. They also contain prebiotics, which are important for supporting the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. This can help improve gut health and reduce inflammation.

7. Give energy

Mushrooms are a good source of energy. They contain B-vitamins, including niacin, riboflavin, and pantothenic acid, which all play a role in converting food into energy. Additionally, mushrooms are a good source of copper, which is necessary to produce energy in the body. Eating mushrooms can help you maintain your energy levels throughout the day.

Conclusion

Mushrooms are not only a delicious and healthy addition to many dishes, but they also have many health benefits. India is home to a wide variety of mushrooms, each with its own unique flavour and nutritional profile. While some mushrooms are more popular than others, all mushrooms can be used in a variety of dishes and offer numerous health benefits.

No matter which type of mushroom you choose, you are sure to enjoy the many health benefits that they have to offer. So, next time you are looking for a healthy and delicious addition to your meal, be sure to pick up some mushrooms!

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